As an organization focused on spreading a message of prevention, we recognize that there are types of respiratory diseases that are either rare or inherited, i.e. not brought in to oneself. This post will focus on those types of diseases, their definition, symptoms and cures.
Genetics is something people cannot influence, and it can cause positive or negative conditions for people. Many people are born talented and creative due to favorable genetics, but on the flipside, there are many that are born unfortunate. Think of the late Stephen Hawking.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that results from a defective gene. It causes mucus deposit in the airways, lungs and other organs. The disease is unique in the sense that it progresses over a gradual period of time. Over time, it leads to an inability to breathe normally. It can be diagnosed at earlier stages and cured. The only complication with CF is that it manifests in different forms in different people, and can have a different set of symptoms such as lung infection and weight gain.
Pulmonary fibrosis is a more dangerous diseases that causes a damage or thickening of the lung tissue. The disease can be caused by many factors, such as a long term exposure to toxins or genetics. While the exact cause is hard to determine, the disease can be diagnosed and treated gradually. It is sometimes difficult to cure a person entirely, as long-term radiation therapy and lung transplants can work. Symptoms include excessive coughing, weight loss and fatigue.
Tuberculosis Sclerosis is a cancerous disease that is caused by genetic factors. It causes the development of benign tumors in multiple body parts like the brain and lungs. It usually develops over time from birth, and may not be possible to diagnose at the start. Serious cases can lead to life-threatening symptoms like autism and epilepsy. The TSC1 or TSC2 genes mutate or abnormally grow in some people, which causes this disease.
Asthma has been discussed in other posts as well. Asthma originates from airway inflammation and, in many cases, is inherited from birth. It is the most common respiratory disease and is harmless in the majority of the cases. The symptoms are typical of many respiratory diseases, such as tightness in chest, difficulty in breathing etc.
For a more detailed look at inherited and rare respiratory diseases, their causes, symptoms and cures, check out the Encyclopedia of Life Sciences.